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Kofinas, Peter

Kofinas, Peter
Affiliate Professor
1120 Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

News About This Professor

Research Interests 

Polymer hydrogels for biomimetic recognition of viruses; self-assembled polymer nanoarchitectures for flexible batteries and antennas; haemostatic materials.


Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, M.I.T., 1994

Current Research Projects 

  • Synthetic functional polymer hydrogel for hemorrhage control
  • Point of care diagnostics for hyperammonemia and aminoacidopathies
  • Reagentless thin film nanostructured biosensor for pathogen detection
  • Colorimetric biosensors
  • Safe high performance solid polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries
  • Low loss polymer nanoparticle composites for radio frequency devices
  • Enzymatic hydrogel entrapment for the on-demand abiotic synthesis or degradation of small molecules

For more information, please visit Professor Kofinas' web site

Honors and Awards 

  • A. James Clark School of Engineering Senior Faculty Oustanding Research Award, 2012
  • A. James Clark School of Engineering Keystone Professor, 2006
  • NSF CAREER Award, National Science Foundation, 1999
  • A. James Clark School of Engineering Junior Faculty Teaching Award, 1999

Selected Publications 

For a complete list of publications, please see:

Biomimetic/Biologically Active Polymers

Rapid Modular Synthesis and Processing of Thiol-Ene Functionalized Styrene-Butadiene Block Copolymers J.S. Silverstein, B.J. Casey, M.E. Natoli,  B.J. Dair, and P. Kofinas. Macromolecules, 45(7), 3161−3167, 2012.

Color Changing Block Copolymer Films for Chemical Sensing of Simple Sugars O.B. Ayyub, J.W. Sekowski, T-I Yang, X. Zhang, R. Briber, and P. Kofinas. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 28 (2011) 349– 354, 2011.

FVII Dependent Coagulation Activation in Citrated Plasma by Polymer Hydrogels  B.J. Casey, A.M. Behrens, J. Hess, Z. J. Wu, B. Griffith, and P. Kofinas. Biomacromolecules, 11, 3248–3255, 2010.

Small angle neutron scattering study of deuterated sodium dodecylsulfate micellization in dilute poly((2–dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) solutions  W. Lee, P. Kofinas, and R.M. Briber. Polymer, 51, 2872-2878, 2010.

Imprinted Polymer Hydrogels for the Separation of Viruses L. D. Bolisay, and Peter Kofinas, Macromolecular Symposia, 291–292, 302–306, 2010.

Effects of Charge Density on the Recognition Properties of Molecularly Imprinted Polyampholyte Hydrogels  D.S. Janiak,  O.B. Ayyub, and P. Kofinas.  Polymer, 51, 665–670, 2010.

The Effects of Charge Density on the Recognition Properties of Molecularly Imprinted Polymeric Hydrogels  D.S. Janiak, O.B. Ayyub, and P. Kofinas. Macromolecules, 42(5), 1703–1709, 2009.

Block Copolymer Nanotemplating of Tobacco Mosaic and Tobacco Necrosis Viruses A.V. Cresce, J.N. Culver, W.E. Bentley, and P. Kofinas. Acta Biomaterialia, 5(3), 893–902, 2009.

Effect of complexation conditions on xanthan-chitosan polyelectrolyte complex gels S. Argin-Soysal, P. Kofinas, and Y. Martin Lo. Food Hydrocolloids, 23, 202–209, 2009.

Selective binding of carcinoembryonic antigen using imprinted polymeric hydrogels  B. J. Casey, and P. Kofinas. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 87A(2), 359-363, 2008.

Optimization of Virus Imprinting Methods To Improve Selectivity and Reduce Nonspecific Binding  L. D. Bolisay, J. N. Culver, and P. Kofinas. Biomacromolecules, 8(12), 3893–3899, 2007.

Molecular Imprinting of Peptides and Proteins in Aqueous Media D. S. Janiak, and P. Kofinas. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 389(2), 399-404, 2007.

Nanopatterning of Recombinant Proteins Using Block Copolymer Templates  A. V. Cresce, J. S. Silverstein, W. E. Bentley, and P. Kofinas. Macromolecules, 39(17), 5826-5829, 2006.

Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Tobacco Mosaic Virus Recognition  L. D. Bolisay, J. N. Culver, and Peter Kofinas. Biomaterials, 27(22), 4165-4168, 2006.

Biomimetic Glucose Recognition Using Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Hydrogels  P. Parmpi, and  P. Kofinas. Biomaterials, 25(10), 1969-1973, 2004.

Molecularly Imprinted Polymeric Hydrogels Displaying Isomerically Resolved Glucose Binding W. J. Wizeman, and P. Kofinas. Biomaterials, 22 (12), 1485-1491, 2001.

Development of Methods for Quantitative Characterization of Network Morphology in Pharmaceutical Hydrogels  P. Kofinas and R. E. Cohen. Biomaterials, 18(1361), 1997.

Hydrogels Prepared by Electron Irradiation of Poly (Ethylene Oxide ) in Water Solution: Unexpected Dependence of Cross – Link Density and of Protein Diffusion Coefficients on Initial PEO Molecular Weight  P. Kofinas, V. Athanassiou and E. W. Merrill. Biomaterials , 17(1547), 1996.


Virus-Assembled Flexible Electrode-Electrolyte Interfaces for Enhanced Polymer-Based Battery Applications A. Ghosh, J. Guo, A.D. Brown, E. Royston, C.S. Wang, P. Kofinas, and J.N. Culver. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2012(795892), 2012.

Anion Effects on Solid Polymer Electrolytes Containing Sulfur Based Ionic Liquid for Lithium Batteries A.S. Fisher, M.B. Khalid, M. Widstrom, and P. Kofinas. J. of The Electrochemical Society, 159(5) A592-A597, 2012.

Solid Polymer Electrolytes With Sulfur Based Ionic Liquid for Lithium Batteries A.S. Fisher, M.B. Khalid, M. Widstrom, and P. Kofinas. J. of Power Sources, 196, 9767– 9773, 2011.

Block Copolymer Solid Battery Electrolyte with High Li-ion Transference Number A. Ghosh, C. Wang, and P. Kofinas. J. Electrochemical Society, 157(7), A846-A849, 2010.

Nanostructured Block Copolymer Dry Electrolyte A. Ghosh, and P. Kofinas. J. Electrochemical Society, 155(6), A428-A431, 2008.

Self-Assembly of Virus-Structured High Surface Area Nanomaterials and Their Application as Battery Electrodes E. Royston, A. Ghosh, P. Kofinas, M. Harris, and J. N. Culver, Langmuir, 24(3); 906-912, 2008.

PEO based Block Copolymer as Solid State Lithium Battery Electrolyte A. Ghosh, and P. Kofinas. Electrochemical Society Transactions, 11(29), 131-137, 2008.

Synthesis of an A/B/C Triblock Copolymer for Battery Materials Applications  S. E. Bullock, and P. Kofinas. Macromolecules, 37(5), 1783-1786, 2004.

Nanoscale Battery Materials Based on the Self-Assembly of Block Copolymers S. E. Bullock, and P. Kofinas. Journal of Power Sources, 132, 256-260, 2004.

Nanoparticles Templated by Block Copolymers

Controlled synthesis of core–shell iron–silica nanoparticles and their magneto-dielectric properties in polymer composites T-I Yang, R.N.C. Brown, L. C. Kempel, and P. Kofinas. Nanotechnology, 22, 105601, 2011.

Surfactant-modified Nickel Zinc Iron Oxide / Polymer Nanocomposites for Radio Frequency Applications T-I Yang, L. Kempel, and P. Kofinas. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12(8), 2967, 2010.

Oxidation Effect on Templating of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles within Block Copolymers P. Akcora, R.M. Briber, and P. Kofinas. Polymer, 50(5), 1223-1227, 2009.

Magneto-dielectric Properties of Polymer-Fe3O4 Nanocomposites T-I Yang, R. N.C Brown, L. C. Kempel, and P. Kofinas. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 320, 2714–2720, 2008.

Dielectric Properties of Polymer Nanoparticle Composites T-I Yang, and P. Kofinas. Polymer, 48, 791-798, 2007.

TEM Characterization of Diblock Copolymer Templated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles: Bulk Solution and Thin Film Surface Doping Approach  P. Akcora, R. M. Briber, and P. Kofinas. Polymer, 47(6), 2018-2022, 2006.

Structural and magnetic characterization of norbornene-deuterated norbornene dicarboxylic acid diblock copolymers doped with iron oxide Nanoparticles  P. Akcora, X. Zhang, B. Varughese, R. Briber, and P. Kofinas. Polymer, 46(14), 5194-5201, 2005.

Magnetic properties and morphology of diblock copolymer templated ferrimagnetic cobalt oxide nanoparticles, S. R. Ahmed, and P. Kofinas. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 228C, 219-223, 2005.

Polydispersity Control in Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Amphiphilic Norbornene Diblock Copolymers, S. R. Ahmed, S. E. Bullock, A. V. Cresce, and P. Kofinas. Polymer, 44(16) , 4943-4948, 2003.

Magnetic Properties and Morphology of Block Copolymer Templated Ferrrimagnetic CoFe2O4 Nanoparticles, S. R. Ahmed, and P. Kofinas. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 39(5), 2198-2200, 2003.

Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanostructures Templated Using Diblock Copolymers R. F.  Mulligan, A. A. Illiadis, and P. Kofinas. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 89(4), 1058-1061, 2003.

Controlled Room Temperature Synthesis of CoFe204 Nanoparticles Through a Block Copolymer Nanoreactor Route S. R. Ahmed, and P. Kofinas. Macromolecules, 35(9), 3338-3341, 2002.

Magnetic Properties of CoFe204 Nanoparticles Synthesized Through a Block Copolymer Nanoreactor Route  S. R. Ahmed, S. B. Ogale, G. C. Papaefthymiou, R. Ramesh, and P. Kofinas. Applied Physics Letters, 80 (9),1616-1618, 2002.

Anion Binding Hydrogels For Wastewater Remediation

Characterization of Network Morphology in Anion Binding Hydrogels Used for Wastewater Remediation Dimitri R. Kioussis, and Peter Kofinas, Polymer, 46(23), 10167-10172, 2005.

Characterization of Anion Diffusion in  Polymer Hydrogels Used for Wastewater Remediation Dimitri R. Kioussis, and Peter Kofinas, Polymer, 46(22), 9342-9347, 2005.

Reactive phosphorus removal from aquaculture and poultry productions systems using polymeric hydrogels Peter Kofinas, Dimitri R.  Kioussis.
Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 423-427, 2003.

Ammonium Perchlorate-Binding Poly(allylamine hydrochloride) Hydrogels for Wastewater Remediation Dimitri R. Kioussis, Daniel F. Smith, and Peter Kofinas. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 80(11), 2073-2083,2001.

Reactive Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal from Aquaculture Wastewater Effluents Using Polymer Hydrogels Dimitri R. Kioussis, F. W. Wheaton, and Peter Kofinas. Aquacultural Engineering, 23(4), 315-332, 2000.

Phosphate Binding Polymeric Hydrogels for Aquaculture Wastewater Remediation Dimitri R. Kioussis, F. W. Wheaton, and Peter Kofinas.  Aquacultural Engineering, 19(163), 1999.

Highly Textured Semicrystalline Block Copolymers

Path Dependent Microstructure Orientation During Plane Strain Compression of Semicrystalline Block Copolymers Peter L. Drzal, John D. Barnes, and Peter Kofinas. Polymer, 42(13), 5633-56342,2001.

Microstructure Orientation and Nanoporous Gas Transport in Semicrystalline Block Copolymer Membranes Peter L. Drzal, Adel F. Halasa, and Peter Kofinas. Polymer, 41(12) ,4671-4677, 2000.

Orientation Texture and Gas Transport in Semicrystalline Block Copolymer Blends Peter Kofinas, Peter L. Drzal.  Rubber Chemistry and Technology , 72 (918) 1999.

Melt Processing of Semicrystalline E/EP/E Triblock Copolymers Near the Order-Disorder Transition Peter Kofinas and Robert E. Cohen. Macromolecules, 28(336), 1995.

Morphology of Highly Textured Ethylene / Ethylene-Propylene (E / EP) Semicrystalline Block Copolymers Peter Kofinas and Robert E. Cohen. Macromolecules, 27(3002), 1994.

Related News 

Peter Kofinas Will Serve as Next Chair of ChBE
Effective July 1, Sheryl Ehrman will depart for San Jose State University. June 19, 2017

Lab Students' 'Creativity is Key'
Clark School's Functional Macromolecular Lab allows students to mold new ideas June 13, 2017

BIOE Capstone 2017: Projects Focus on Pediatric Care, Physical Therapy, Pulmonary Tumors, and More
BIOE hosted it's largest-ever Capstone Design competition on May 10th, 2017. May 17, 2017

Clark School Alum Named to Forbes "30 Under 30: Healthcare" List
Adam Behrens (BIOE, Ph.D. '15; ChBE, B.S. '10) recognized for work in vaccine and diagnostic testing development. January 3, 2017

BIOE Alum Awarded Council of Graduate School Distinguished Dissertation Honorable Mention
Adam Behrens (Ph.D. ’15) recognized for work on materials for use in traumatic injury surgery. December 12, 2016

Airbrushed Biodegradable Sealant Could Offer Low-Cost, Portable Alternative to Surgical Sutures
BIOE Professor and Associate Dean Peter Kofinas receives R01 for innovative surgical sealant and application technique research. August 19, 2016

BioE Capstone 2016: New Projects Focus on Improved Healthcare for Underserved Communities, Pediatric Patients, and More
Affordable RT-PCR for clinical diagnostics, fear mitigation device for pediatric MRIs tie for first place. June 28, 2016

Kofinas Awarded Patent for Flexible Batteries
Polymer solid electrolyte could make batteries safer, smaller, and less expensive March 18, 2016

2015 Dean's Student Research Awards
Winners of the 2015 Dean's Student Research Awards have been announced. May 20, 2015

Simple Stretchable Conducting Material is Robust and Inexpensive
Electronic fabrics and skin are potential applications March 4, 2015

UMD Hosts Technical Meeting on Nanomagnetic Materials
Professor and Associate Dean Peter Kofinas organized gathering of more than two dozen nanomagnetic materials experts. July 24, 2014

Sloan Foundation Funds Program of Exemplary Mentoring
Program will improve recruitment, retention of talented minority Ph.D. students. June 21, 2014

BioE Capstone 2014: New Projects Focus on Cardiological Health, Surgical Tools and More
Students' inventions range from diagnostic devices to accident prevention products. June 4, 2014

Kofinas Featured in Chemical & Engineering News
Fischell Department of Bioengineering Associate Dean Peter Kofinas was recognized for his work with polymer nanofibers. April 1, 2014

Behrens, Manthe Join Future Faculty Program
Program prepares graduate students for careers in academia. January 16, 2014

Kofinas Receives Clark School Faculty Service Award
Professor recognized for contributions to administrative and educational programs. January 6, 2014

Ayyub, Wiederoder Named Future Faculty Fellows
Graduate students join highly selective cohort. February 5, 2013

Rappaport Wins HHMI Fellowship
Award supports senior’s efforts to develop treatments for rare genetic disorders. January 24, 2013

SEEDS Fellowship Supports Sikorski's Work on Blood Clotting Gel
BioE sophomore developing potentially life-saving products with Kofinas Group. December 19, 2012

Kofinas, Muro Honored for Research
Clark School Outstanding Research Awards recognize professors' influential and ground-breaking work. December 14, 2012

A Faster, Easier Way to Diagnose Metabolic Disorders in Infants
NIH supports Kofinas' efforts to develop inexpensive, point-of-care blood test. November 8, 2012

Khalid Wins College Park Scholars Tri-Star Award
Bioengineering junior honored for academic excellence, community service. November 2, 2012

Kofinas Named Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs and Graduate Programs
Professor takes on new role in the Clark School. September 7, 2012

Janiak Named Kauffman Fellow
Alumnus, former Fischell Fellow in prestigious venture capital program. August 30, 2012

Kofinas, Wuttig Present Work on Magnetoelectrics in Korea
Professors attend workshop on multifunctional materials. July 5, 2012

SafeLiCell Takes 2nd at Green Business Plan Competition
BioE undergrad's presentation on novel battery tech wins $10K. June 29, 2012

Kofinas Featured on Bloomberg's "Planet Forward" TV Show
Watch: "Pursuing a Safer, Sustainable, Lithium Battery." May 22, 2012

Department of Defense Supports Ayyub's Bioengineering Research
Graduate student wins National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship. May 1, 2012

SafeLiCell Takes 2nd in $100K ACC Clean Energy Challenge
Clark School-based company receives $15,000 to improve safety of lithium batteries. April 27, 2012

Award Supports Development of Safer Batteries for Biomedical Devices
Sophomore Mian Khalid wins prestigious Howard Hughes Medical Institute fellowship for work with Kofinas Group. April 27, 2012

Battery Team Heading for $100K ACC Clean Energy Challenge Finals
Watch SafeLiCell pitch new venture based on safe, solid-state polymer electrolyte-based batteries. April 20, 2012

2011-2012 BioE Undergraduate Awards
Exceptional students recognized by the Department, Clark School, and professional societies. April 20, 2012

Kofinas Appointed to Engaged Faculty
Professor nominated by students for NSF-sponsored program. June 1, 2011

Systems Researchers Partner with Trento, Italy
Joint efforts to target bioengineering, renewable energy, nanomaterials, microsystems, education. May 26, 2011

PolyVec Systems Dominates Business Plan Competition
Gene therapy carrier for breast cancer wins $45K, two divisions, Impact Award. May 10, 2011

Record Year for NSF Fellowships
8 current and former BioE students receive awards, honorable mentions. April 20, 2011

2010-2011 BioE Undergraduate Awards
Exceptional students recognized by the Department, Clark School, and professional societies. April 19, 2011

Gupta Wins Goldwater Scholarship; Paryavi Receives Honorable Mention
Students recognized for excellence in research. April 15, 2011

Casey, Behrens Publish Work on Hemostatic Polymer in Biomacromolecules
Graduate student Brendan Casey also featured in recent issue of ScienceNews. November 11, 2010

Casey Interviewed About Blood-Clotting Polymer
News articles highlight research presented at ACS Fall meeting. August 26, 2010

BioE Offers New Online Master's Program
New flexible master's program offers working professionals entrance to high-demand discipline. August 10, 2010

Kofinas Keystone Team Wins Spring 2010 Hovercraft Competition
WTTG Fox 5 broadcasts ENES 100 event live from the Kim Building. May 17, 2010

BioE Students, Alumni Win Prizes at UM $75K Business Plan Competition
Aeramatics wins its division; CloudSolar recognized for social impact. May 10, 2010

Ayyub Wins Outstanding ASPIRE Student Research Award
Senior recognized for work on polymer-based hydrogels. April 30, 2010

Alumna Wins NSF-CAREER Award
Pinar Akcora will develop synthesis, processing methods for versatile nanocomposites. January 20, 2010

Trauma Solutions Research Highlighted in Scientific American
National magazine features synthetic blood clotting technology. December 8, 2009

Casey Named ARCS Fellow
Graduate student honored at Supreme Court event. October 16, 2009

Kofinas Group Startup Named Finalist in $250K Business Plan Competition
Blood clotting, drug-delivering product chosen from thousands of international entrants. June 26, 2009

Kofinas Group Wins 2nd Business Plan Competition
Haemechanics offers new blood-clotting, drug-delivering material. May 12, 2009

Bentley, Kofinas Teams Are $75K Competition Finalists
Proposed new ventures include drug-screening, blood clotting inventions. April 9, 2009

Behrens Wins Outstanding ASPIRE Student Research Award
Junior recognized for work in blood-coagulating hydrogels. April 4, 2009

Undergraduate Publishes in Top Polymer Science Journal
Junior Omar Ayyub is second author of paper on MIP Hydrogels. February 24, 2009

Fisher Named John and Maureen Hendricks Energy Research Fellow
Fellowship benefits Great Expectations campaign. February 2, 2009

Akcora Joins Missouri Faculty
Alumna now an assistant professor of chemical engineering. October 10, 2008

Kofinas on Food Safety at USDA Meeeting
Presents work on food pathogen detection using intelligent packaging. September 22, 2008

Kofinas, Janiak Take 1st Place in Business Plan Competition
Intelligent Packaging Systems receives $15K for further development. May 15, 2008

Bioengineering at Maryland Day
Hands-on activities help visitors explore and learn. May 7, 2008

Kofinas, Janiak Win Outstanding Invention of the Year
Polymer-based dialysis system wins Life Sciences category. April 21, 2008

Fu, Janiak Finalists in Annual $50K Business Plan Competition
Kofinas Group members submit bioengineering-themed concepts. April 9, 2008

Company to Utilize Kofinas's, Janiak's MIPs Technology
Link Plus BioTech, Inc. also names Kofinas its CTO. January 25, 2008

BioE Faculty Receive Cross-Disciplinary Seed Grants
Program facilitates collaboration between UMCP, UMB. December 6, 2007

Nightly Business Report Segment Now Online
BioE faculty discuss nanotech’s role in food safety. November 14, 2007

Kofinas Presents at the National Academy of Science
Invited talk covers nanotechnology solutions for agriculture. August 22, 2007

Kofinas, Payne Interviewed for PBS’ Nightly Business Report
Professors explain nanotechnology's potential role in food safety. July 26, 2007

Janiak Named 2007 Fischell Fellow
Student recognized for research, entrepreneurial spirit. May 11, 2007

"Virus Sponge" Could Improve Flu Treatments
New discovery can filter a patient's blood in a process similar to dialysis. May 8, 2007

Bradberry, Gifford, and Janiak Selected for Future Faculty Program
Program prepares graduate students for a career in academia. January 26, 2007

Bioengineering Professors Recognized as Research Leaders
Kofinas and Sukharev honored at luncheon. November 20, 2006

Polymer Symposium Showcases Student Research
Event promotes interaction between research groups. July 7, 2006

No More Broken Antennas
Clark School engineers create flexible antenna material. April 11, 2006

2 BIOE Faculty Named Keystone Professors
BIOE Professors Kenneth Kiger and Peter Kofinas named Keystone Professors. April 4, 2006

Professor Kofinas Awarded Grant from the Air Force
Professor Peter Kofinas was recently awarded a single investigator grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. April 4, 2006